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Pleural effusion

Pleural effusion is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Explore these free sample topics:

Emergency Central

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Etiology

Transudates

  • Congestive heart failure (most common)
  • Cirrhosis with ascites
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Myxedema
  • Acute atelectasis
  • Constrictive pericarditis
  • Superior vena cava obstruction
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Urinothorax (due to obstructive uropathy)
Exudates
  • Pneumonia (parapneumonic effusion)
  • Cancer
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Empyema
  • Tuberculosis
  • Connective tissue disease (eg, rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Viral infection
  • Fungal infection
  • Rickettsial infection
  • Parasitic infection (eg, Paragonimus)
  • Asbestos
  • Meigs' syndrome
  • Pancreatic disease
  • Uremia
  • Chronic atelectasis
  • Trapped lung
  • Chylothorax
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Drug reaction
  • Post-myocardial infarction syndrome
  • Esophageal rupture

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Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

Zeiger, Roni F.. "Pleural Effusion." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114769/all/Pleural_effusion.
Zeiger RF. Pleural effusion. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114769/all/Pleural_effusion. Accessed April 22, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2014). Pleural effusion. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114769/all/Pleural_effusion
Zeiger RF. Pleural Effusion [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. [cited 2019 April 22]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114769/all/Pleural_effusion.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Pleural effusion ID - 114769 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114769/all/Pleural_effusion PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -