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Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Etiology

  • Graves' disease
  • Toxic multinodular goiter
  • Toxic adenoma
  • Subacute (de Quervain's) thyroiditis
  • Hashimoto's thyroiditis (may have initial hyperthyroid phase)
  • Exogenous thyroid hormone ingestion
  • Postpartum thyroiditis
  • Jod-Basedow phenomenon (in endemic or multinodular goiter, hyperthyroidism due to high iodine intake, eg, amiodarone, radiocontrast)
  • Thyroiditis after radioiodine administration
  • Amiodarone-induced thyroiditis
  • Struma ovarii
  • High hCG level: pregnancy, trophoblastic tumor, testicular malignancy
  • Thyroid secreting hormone hypersecretion by pituitary tumor (rare)
  • "Subclinical" hyperthyroidism: low thyroid secreting hormone, clinically euthyroid, normal T4, common in elderly (10%), risk of atrial fibrillation and osteoporosis

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Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

Zeiger, Roni F.. "Hyperthyroidism." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114311/all/Hyperthyroidism.
Zeiger RF. Hyperthyroidism. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114311/all/Hyperthyroidism. Accessed April 20, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2014). Hyperthyroidism. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114311/all/Hyperthyroidism
Zeiger RF. Hyperthyroidism [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. [cited 2019 April 20]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114311/all/Hyperthyroidism.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Hyperthyroidism ID - 114311 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114311/all/Hyperthyroidism PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -