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Peritonitis

Peritonitis is a topic covered in the Guide to Diagnostic Tests.

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Organism

Peritonitis

Primary or spontaneous (associated with nephrosis or cirrhosis) (SBP): Enterobacteriaceae (GNR) (69%), enterococci (GPC), viridans streptococci (GPC in chains), S. pneumoniae (GPC), group A streptococcus (GPC), S. aureus (GPC), anaerobes (5%).

Secondary (bowel perforation, hospital acquired, or antecedent antibiotic therapy): Enterobacteriaceae, enterococcus (GPC), Bacteroides fragilis group (GNR), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (GNR) (3–15%).

Chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD): Coagulase-negative staphylococci (GPC) (43%), S. aureus (14%), Streptococcus sp. (12%), Enterobacteriaceae (14%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Corynebacterium sp. (GPR), candida (2%), aspergillus (rare), cryptococcus (rare).

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Citation

McPhee, Stephen J., et al. "Peritonitis." Guide to Diagnostic Tests, 7th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2017. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/GDT/619319/all/Peritonitis.
McPhee SJ, Lu CM, Nicoll D. Peritonitis. Guide to Diagnostic Tests. 7th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2017. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/GDT/619319/all/Peritonitis. Accessed April 25, 2019.
McPhee, S. J., Lu, C. M., & Nicoll, D. (2017). Peritonitis. In Guide to Diagnostic Tests. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/GDT/619319/all/Peritonitis
McPhee SJ, Lu CM, Nicoll D. Peritonitis [Internet]. In: Guide to Diagnostic Tests. McGraw-Hill Education; 2017. [cited 2019 April 25]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/GDT/619319/all/Peritonitis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Peritonitis ID - 619319 A1 - McPhee,Stephen J, AU - Lu,Chuanyi Mark, AU - Nicoll,Diana, BT - Guide to Diagnostic Tests UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/GDT/619319/all/Peritonitis PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 7 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -