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Infant: E. coli (enteropathogenic), rotavirus.
Child/adult without travel, afebrile, diarrhea with no gross blood or WBCs in stool: Rotavirus, norovirus and other caliciviruses, E. coli (GNR).
Child/adult with acute watery diarrhea, low-grade fever: E. coli (GNR) (enterotoxigenic (ETEC), enteroinvasive (EIEC), Clostridium difficile (GPR), norovirus.
Child/adult with fever and dysentery (WBC in stool): E. coli (EIEC), shigella (GNR), Campylobacter sp. (GNR).
Child/Adult with diarrhea, bloody stool or history of travel to subtropics/tropics (or elsewhere) (varies with epidemiology): E. coli (GNR), enterohemorrhagic (EHEC, 0157:H7, STEC O104:H4), and other shiga-toxin-producing E. coli serotypes).
Other causes of acute diarrhea: salmonella (GNR), Yersinia enterocolitica (GNR), aeromonas (GNR), plesiomonas (GNR), vibrio (GNR), cryptosporidium, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, cyclospora, strongyloides, microsporidia (in HIV infection).
Child/adult with diarrhea and vomiting: E. coli (EPEC, enteropathogenic), norovirus.
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McPhee, Stephen J., et al. "Infectious Colitis/dysentery." Guide to Diagnostic Tests, 7th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2017. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/GDT/619316/all/Infectious_colitis_dysentery.
McPhee SJ, Lu CM, Nicoll D. Infectious colitis/dysentery. Guide to Diagnostic Tests. 7th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2017. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/GDT/619316/all/Infectious_colitis_dysentery. Accessed April 24, 2019.
McPhee, S. J., Lu, C. M., & Nicoll, D. (2017). Infectious colitis/dysentery. In Guide to Diagnostic Tests. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/GDT/619316/all/Infectious_colitis_dysentery
McPhee SJ, Lu CM, Nicoll D. Infectious Colitis/dysentery [Internet]. In: Guide to Diagnostic Tests. McGraw-Hill Education; 2017. [cited 2019 April 24]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/GDT/619316/all/Infectious_colitis_dysentery.
TY - ELEC
T1 - Infectious colitis/dysentery
ID - 619316
A1 - McPhee,Stephen J,
AU - Lu,Chuanyi Mark,
AU - Nicoll,Diana,
BT - Guide to Diagnostic Tests
UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/GDT/619316/all/Infectious_colitis_dysentery
PB - McGraw-Hill Education
ET - 7
DB - Emergency Central
DP - Unbound Medicine