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Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Transient incontinence: DIAPPERS

  • Delirium
  • Infection
  • Atrophic vaginitis or urethritis
  • Pharmacology, eg, anticholinergics, diuretics, hypnotics
  • Psychiatric disorders, eg, psychosis, depression
  • Excess urine, eg, edema, hyperglycemia, hypercalcemia
  • Restricted mobility
  • Stool impaction
Established incontinence
  • Detrusor overactivity (urge incontinence or "overactive" bladder)
  • Urethral incompetence (stress incontinence, eg, multiparity, pelvic surgery)
  • Urethral obstruction (eg, benign prostatic hyperplasia; can also present as urge or overflow)
  • Detrusor underactivity (overflow incontinence, eg, neurogenic bladder, anticholinergics)
  • Mixed incontinence (urge and stress)

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Last updated: December 1, 2014


Zeiger, Roni F.. "Urinary Incontinence." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114988/all/Urinary_incontinence.
Zeiger RF. Urinary incontinence. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114988/all/Urinary_incontinence. Accessed April 20, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2014). Urinary incontinence. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114988/all/Urinary_incontinence
Zeiger RF. Urinary Incontinence [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. [cited 2019 April 20]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114988/all/Urinary_incontinence.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Urinary incontinence ID - 114988 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114988/all/Urinary_incontinence PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -