Renal failure in HIV/AIDS

Etiology

  • Typical causes of acute renal failure
  • HIV-associated nephropathy
  • Acute tubular necrosis due to pentamidine, amphotericin, foscarnet, cidofovir, aminoglycosides, rifampin, acyclovir
  • Interstitial nephritis due to TMP-SMX, sulfadiazine, acyclovir
  • Nephrolithiasis due to indinavir
  • Postinfectious glomerulonephritis
  • Membranous nephropathy due to hepatitis B, syphilis
  • Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis due to hepatitis C, cryoglobulinemia
  • Ureteral compression due to lymphoma, lymphadenopathy
  • IgA immune-complex deposition
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

See related DDx

Renal failure in HIV/AIDS is a sample topic from the Diagnosaurus.

To view other topics, please or purchase a subscription.

Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Learn more.

Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Renal failure in HIV/AIDS ID - 114975 Y1 - 2014/12/01/ PB - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114975/all/Renal_failure_in_HIV_AIDS ER -