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Acute respiratory failure

Acute respiratory failure is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Emergency Central

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Airway disorders

  • Asthma
  • COPD exacerbation
  • Airway obstruction
Pulmonary edema
  • Left ventricular dysfunction
  • Mitral regurgitation or stenosis
  • Volume overload states
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Re-expansion
Parenchymal lung disorders
  • Pneumonia or aspiration pneumonitis
  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Lung contusion
Pulmonary vascular disorders
  • Pulmonary thromboembolism
Chest wall, diaphragm, and pleural disorders
  • Flail chest
  • Pneumothorax
  • Pleural effusion
  • Massive ascites
Neuromuscular and related disorders
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Botulism
  • Organophosphates or aminoglycosides
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Phrenic nerve injury or dysfunction
  • Hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia
  • Myxedema
CNS disorders
  • Drugs: sedative, hypnotic, opioid, anesthetics
  • Brainstem disorder
  • Intracranial hypertension
  • CNS infections
Increased CO2 production
  • Fever, infection, seizures, drugs

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Last updated: December 1, 2014


Zeiger, Roni F.. "Acute Respiratory Failure." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114774/all/Acute_respiratory_failure.
Zeiger RF. Acute respiratory failure. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114774/all/Acute_respiratory_failure. Accessed August 17, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2014). Acute respiratory failure. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114774/all/Acute_respiratory_failure
Zeiger RF. Acute Respiratory Failure [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. [cited 2019 August 17]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114774/all/Acute_respiratory_failure.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Acute respiratory failure ID - 114774 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114774/all/Acute_respiratory_failure PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -