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Pneumothorax

Pneumothorax is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Etiology

Primary pneumothorax

  • Apical bleb rupture (tall, thin males age 10-30)
Secondary pneumothorax
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (ruptured bleb or bulla)
  • Asthma
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)
  • Menstruation (catamenial pneumothorax)
  • Interstitial lung disease, eg, sarcoidosis, lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), eosinophilic granuloma (Langerhans cell histiocytosis, histiocytosis X)
Tension pneumothorax
  • Penetrating or blunt trauma
  • Lung infection
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  • Positive-pressure mechanical ventilation
Traumatic or iatrogenic
  • Penetrating or blunt trauma
  • Thoracentesis
  • Pleural biopsy
  • Percutaneous or transbronchial lung
  • Central line placement
  • Positive-pressure mechanical ventilation

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Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

Zeiger, Roni F.. "Pneumothorax." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114770/all/Pneumothorax.
Zeiger RF. Pneumothorax. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114770/all/Pneumothorax. Accessed March 19, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2014). Pneumothorax. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114770/all/Pneumothorax
Zeiger RF. Pneumothorax [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. [cited 2019 March 19]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114770/all/Pneumothorax.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
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