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Interstitial lung disease

Interstitial lung disease is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Etiology

Drug-related

  • Amiodarone
  • Antibacterials (nitrofurantoin, sulfonamides)
  • Antineoplastics (bleomycin, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, nitrosoureas)
  • Antirheumatics (gold salts, penicillamine)
  • Phenytoin
Environmental & occupational
  • Inorganic dust (asbestos, silica, hard metals, beryllium)
  • Organic dust or hypersensitivity pneumonitis (thermophilic actinomycetes, avian antigens, Aspergillus spp.)
  • Gases, fumes, vapors (chlorine, isocyanates, paraquat, sulfur dioxide)
  • Ionizing radiation
  • Talc (injection drug users)
Infections
  • Disseminated fungus (coccidioidomycosis, blastomycosis, histoplasmosis)
  • Disseminated mycobacteria
  • Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
  • Viruses
Primary pulmonary syndromes
  • Idiopathic fibrosing interstitial pneumonia [idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)]:
    • Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP)
    • Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP)
    • Nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis (NSIP)
    • Usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP)
    • Respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease (RB-ILD)
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans-organizing pneumonia (BOOP)
Systemic disorders
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  • Amyloidosis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Autoimmune disease: dermatomyositis, polymyositis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis (scleroderma), systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia
  • Goodpasture's syndrome
  • Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Eosinophilic granuloma (Langerhans cell histiocytosis, histiocytosis X)
  • Lymphangitic carcinomatosis
  • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Pulmonary venous hypertension
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Wegener's granulomatosis

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Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

Zeiger, Roni F.. "Interstitial Lung Disease." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114753/all/Interstitial_lung_disease.
Zeiger RF. Interstitial lung disease. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114753/all/Interstitial_lung_disease. Accessed April 26, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2014). Interstitial lung disease. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114753/all/Interstitial_lung_disease
Zeiger RF. Interstitial Lung Disease [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. [cited 2019 April 26]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114753/all/Interstitial_lung_disease.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Interstitial lung disease ID - 114753 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114753/all/Interstitial_lung_disease PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -