Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Emergency Central

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Etiology

  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Infection: tuberculosis, fungal, abscess, pneumonia, parasites
  • Localized airway obstruction: retained foreign body, tumor, mucoid impaction
  • Abnormal lung defense mechanisms
    • Hypogammaglobulinemia
    • Common variable immunodeficiency
    • Selective IgA, IgM, and IgG subclass deficiency
    • Acquired immunodeficiency from cytotoxic drugs, AIDS, lymphoma, leukemia, multiple myeloma, chronic renal disease, chronic liver disease
    • Alpha-1-antiprotease deficiency with cigarette smoking
    • Mucociliary clearance disorders (immotile cilia syndrome)
    • Rheumatic disease, eg, rheumatoid arthritis

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Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

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TY - ELEC T1 - Bronchiectasis ID - 114738 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114738/all/Bronchiectasis PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -