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Acute hepatic failure

Acute hepatic failure is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Etiology

  • Viral: hepatitis B (common), A, D (in presence of B), E (especially in pregnancy), C (rare), HSV, CMV, infectious mononucleosis, parvovirus B19
  • Toxins (predictable): acetaminophen (common), Amanita mushrooms, tetracycline, valproic acid, carbon tetrachloride
  • Toxins (idiosyncratic): INH, NSAIDs, halothane, ecstasy, kava
  • Vascular: right-sided CHF, shock liver, portal vein thrombosis, Budd-Chiari syndrome
  • Metabolic & other: Wilson's disease, acute fatty liver of pregnancy, HELLP syndrome, Reye's syndrome, hyper- or hypothermia, lymphoma

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Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

Zeiger, Roni F.. "Acute Hepatic Failure." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114700/all/Acute_hepatic_failure.
Zeiger RF. Acute hepatic failure. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114700/all/Acute_hepatic_failure. Accessed April 24, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2014). Acute hepatic failure. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114700/all/Acute_hepatic_failure
Zeiger RF. Acute Hepatic Failure [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. [cited 2019 April 24]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114700/all/Acute_hepatic_failure.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Acute hepatic failure ID - 114700 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114700/all/Acute_hepatic_failure PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -