Hypertension

Hypertension is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Emergency Central

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DDx

  • Essential hypertension
  • "White-coat" hypertension
  • Cuff too small

Secondary hypertension

  • Adrenal
  1. Primary hyperaldosteronism
  2. Cushing's syndrome (or steroid therapy)
  3. Pheochromocytoma
  • Renal
  1. Chronic renal disease
  2. Renal artery stenosis (atherosclerotic or fibromuscular dysplasia)
  3. Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Other
  1. Oral contraceptives
  2. Alcohol
  3. NSAIDs
  4. Pregnancy-associated
  5. Hypercalcemia
  6. Hyperthyroidism
  7. Obstructive sleep apnea
  8. Obesity
  9. Coarctation of the aorta
  10. Acromegaly
  11. Increased intracranial pressure

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Last updated: December 1, 2014