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HIV & AIDS

DDx

Acute HIV

  • Mononucleosis
  • Influenza
  • Viral or bacterial pharyngitis

Constitutional symptoms

  • Malignancy
  • Tuberculosis
  • Endocarditis
  • Hyperthyroidism

Pulmonary symptoms

  • Bacterial pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Viral pneumonia
  • Fungal pneumonia, eg, coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis
  • Interstitial lung disease, eg, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumoconiosis

Neurologic symptoms

  • Alcoholism
  • Chronic meningitis, eg, tuberculous, fungal
  • Neurosyphilis
  • Cirrhosis (hepatic encephalopathy)
  • Renal failure (uremia)
  • Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism
  • Vitamin deficiency

Diarrhea

  • Infectious diarrhea
  • Antibiotic-associated diarrhea
  • Malabsorption syndrome
  • Inflammatory bowel disease

See related DDx

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Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Learn more.

Last updated: January 12, 2015

Citation

Zeiger, Roni F.. "HIV & AIDS." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2015. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114688/all/HIV_&amp.
Zeiger RF. HIV & AIDS. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114688/all/HIV_&amp. Accessed May 20, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2015). HIV & AIDS. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114688/all/HIV_&amp
Zeiger RF. HIV & AIDS [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. [cited 2019 May 20]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114688/all/HIV_&amp.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - HIV & AIDS ID - 114688 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2015/01/12/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114688/all/HIV_&amp PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -