Thrombocytopenia

Thrombocytopenia is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Etiology

Decreased production (bone marrow disorder)

  • Aplastic anemia
  • Hematologic malignancies
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Megaloblastic anemia
  • Chronic alcoholism
  • Other infiltrative process, e.g., myelofibrosis, infection
Increased destruction
  • Immune disorders
    • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
    • Drug-induced, e.g., heparin, sulfonamides, thiazides, quinine
    • Secondary (chronic lymphocytic leukemia, systemic lupus erythematosus)
    • Posttransfusion purpura
  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome
  • Sepsis
  • Viral infections, AIDS
  • Liver failure
  • Preeclampsia-eclampsia
Splenic sequestration

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Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

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TY - ELEC T1 - Thrombocytopenia ID - 114675 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114675/all/Thrombocytopenia PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -