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Lower extremity edema

Lower extremity edema is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Emergency Central

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DDx

Cardiovascular

  • Congestive heart failure (CHF) (right-sided)
  • Pericardial effusion
  • Pericarditis
  • Tricuspid regurgitation
  • Tricuspid stenosis
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Cor pulmonale
  • Venous insufficiency (most common)
  • Venous obstruction
Noncardiovascular
  • Cirrhosis
  • Low albumin (nephrotic syndrome, malnutrition, protein-losing enteropathy)
  • Cellulitis
  • Premenstrual fluid retention
  • Drugs (vasodilators, eg, calcium channel blockers, salt-retaining medications, eg, NSAIDs, thiazolidinediones)
  • Musculoskeletal (Baker’s cyst, gastrocnemius tear, compartment syndrome)
  • Lymphatic obstruction
  • Preeclampsia-eclampsia
  • Myxedema
  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • Eosinophilic fasciitis

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Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

Zeiger, Roni F.. "Lower Extremity Edema." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114555/all/Lower_extremity_edema.
Zeiger RF. Lower extremity edema. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114555/all/Lower_extremity_edema. Accessed April 21, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2014). Lower extremity edema. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114555/all/Lower_extremity_edema
Zeiger RF. Lower Extremity Edema [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. [cited 2019 April 21]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114555/all/Lower_extremity_edema.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Lower extremity edema ID - 114555 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114555/all/Lower_extremity_edema PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -