Female infertility


  • Male factor, eg, hypogonadism, varicocele, alcohol or drug use, immotile cilia syndrome
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Hyperprolactinemia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Inadequate luteal progesterone or short luteal phase
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) or polyps
  • Prior pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Pelvic adhesions, eg, pelvic surgery, therapeutic abortion, ectopic pregnancy, septic abortion, intrauterine device (IUD) use
  • Cervical factors, eg, unfavorable mucus, antisperm antibodies

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Last updated: December 1, 2014