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Chronic visual loss

Chronic visual loss is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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  • Refractive error
  • Cataract
  • Macular degeneration (atrophic)
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Glaucoma
  • Corneal opacity, eg, scar, pterygium
  • Chronic uveitis
  • Pituitary tumor (bitemporal)
  • Other types of retinopathy, eg, hypertensive, sickle cell, severe anemia, radiation, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), talc (emboli from IV drug use)
  • Cerebrovascular disease or brain tumor affecting visual pathways
  • Intraorbital tumor
  • Toxic optic neuropathy, eg, methanol
  • Lens dislocation, eg, Marfan syndrome, homocystinuria
  • Optic neuritis from multiple sclerosis
  • Other worldwide causes: trachoma, Hansen’s disease (leprosy), onchocerciasis, xerophthalmia (vitamin A deficiency)

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Last updated: March 5, 2015


Zeiger, Roni F.. "Chronic Visual Loss." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2015. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114385/all/Chronic_visual_loss.
Zeiger RF. Chronic visual loss. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114385/all/Chronic_visual_loss. Accessed April 25, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2015). Chronic visual loss. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114385/all/Chronic_visual_loss
Zeiger RF. Chronic Visual Loss [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. [cited 2019 April 25]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114385/all/Chronic_visual_loss.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Chronic visual loss ID - 114385 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2015/03/05/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114385/all/Chronic_visual_loss PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -