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Vertigo is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Emergency Central

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By episode duration

  • Auditory symptoms present
  1. Seconds: perilymphatic fistula
  2. Hours: endolymphatic hydrops (Ménière's disease, syphilis)
  3. Days: labyrinthitis, labyrinthine concussion (head trauma)
  4. Months: acoustic neuroma, ototoxicity
  • Auditory symptoms absent

  1. Seconds: positioning vertigo (cupulolithiasis), vertebrobasilar insufficiency, cervical vertigo (head-extension vertigo), diplopia
  2. Hours: recurrent vestibulopathy (Ménière's disease without auditory symptoms), vestibular migraine
  3. Days: vestibular neuronitis, head trauma
  4. Months: vertebrobasilar insufficiency, arteriovenous malformation, brainstem or cerebellar tumor, cerebellar degeneration, multiple sclerosis, vertebrobasilar migraine
  • Anticonvulsants (eg, phenytoin), antibiotics (eg, aminoglycosides, doxycycline, metronidazole), hypnotics (eg, diazepam), analgesics (eg, aspirin), alcohol

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Last updated: December 1, 2014


Zeiger, Roni F.. "Vertigo." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114341/all/Vertigo.
Zeiger RF. Vertigo. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114341/all/Vertigo. Accessed April 25, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2014). Vertigo. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114341/all/Vertigo
Zeiger RF. Vertigo [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. [cited 2019 April 25]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114341/all/Vertigo.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Vertigo ID - 114341 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114341/all/Vertigo PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -