Primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s disease)
- Surgical removal or trauma
- Infection, e.g., tuberculosis, histoplasmosis
- Adrenal hemorrhage
- Metastatic cancer
- Hemochromatosis or amyloidosis
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Secondary adrenal insufficiency
- Pituitary failure (atrophy, necrosis, tumor)
- Exogenous steroids
- Other types of shock, e.g., septic, cardiogenic, hypovolemic, anaphylactic
- Hyperkalemia due to other causes, e.g., renal failure, rhabdomyolysis
- Hyponatremia due to other causes, e.g., SIADH, cirrhosis, vomiting
- Abdominal pain due to other causes
Acute adrenal insufficiency
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Last updated: January 14, 2015
Zeiger, Roni F.. "Acute Adrenal Insufficiency." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2015. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114318/0/Acute_adrenal_insufficiency.
Zeiger RF. Acute adrenal insufficiency. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114318/0/Acute_adrenal_insufficiency. Accessed February 20, 2020.
Zeiger, R. F. (2015). Acute adrenal insufficiency. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114318/0/Acute_adrenal_insufficiency
Zeiger RF. Acute Adrenal Insufficiency [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. [cited 2020 February 20]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114318/0/Acute_adrenal_insufficiency.
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