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Obesity

Obesity is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Emergency Central

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DDx

  • Increased caloric intake
  • Fluid retention: congestive heart failure (CHF), cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome
  • Cushing’s syndrome, eg, exogenous corticosteroids (central obesity)
  • Hypothyroidism (edema and fat accumulation)
  • Alcoholism (via hypercortisolism)
  • Menopause (decreased metabolic rate)
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Syndrome X (obesity, diabetes, and hypertension)
  • Insulinoma (hypoglycemia causing overeating)
  • Insulin or thiazolidinedione therapy (worsen obesity)
  • Other drugs, eg, antipsychotics, antidepressants
  • Pregnancy
  • Growth hormone deficiency
  • Hypothalamic disorders
  • Congenital leptin deficiency (morbid obesity)
  • Defects in ?-MSH (melanocortin 4) receptor (morbid obesity)
  • Genetic syndromes of obesity and mental retardation
    • Prader-Willi syndrome (hypotonia, hypogonadism)
    • Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl syndrome (polydactyly, renal anomalies, retinitis pigmentosa, hypogonadism)
    • Cohen’s syndrome (microcephaly, hypotonia, short stature, ocular anomalies, neutropenia)
    • Biemond syndrome (diabetes mellitus, polydactyly, coloboma, facial anomalies, hypogonadism)

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Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

Zeiger, Roni F.. "Obesity." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114291/all/Obesity.
Zeiger RF. Obesity. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114291/all/Obesity. Accessed August 17, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2014). Obesity. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114291/all/Obesity
Zeiger RF. Obesity [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. [cited 2019 August 17]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114291/all/Obesity.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Obesity ID - 114291 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114291/all/Obesity PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -