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Metabolic alkalosis

Metabolic alkalosis is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Etiology

Saline-Responsive (UCl <10 meq/d)Excessive body bicarbonate content

  • Renal alkalosis
    • Diuretic therapy
    • Poorly reabsorbable anion therapy: carbenicillin, penicillin, sulfate, phosphate
    • Posthypercapnia
  • Gastrointestinal alkalosis
    • Loss of HCl from vomiting or nasogastric suction
    • Intestinal alkalosis: chloride diarrhea
  • Exogenous alkali
    • NaHCO3 (baking soda)
    • Sodium citrate, lactate, gluconate, acetate
    • Transfusions
    • Antacids
Normal body bicarbonate content
  • Contraction alkalosis
Saline-Unresponsive (UCl >10 meq/d)Excessive body bicarbonate content
  • Renal alkalosis, Normotensive
    • Bartter's syndrome (renal salt wasting and secondary hyperaldosteronism)
    • Severe potassium depletion
    • Refeeding alkalosis
    • Hypercalcemia and hypoparathyroidism
  • Renal alkalosis, Hypertensive
    • Endogenous mineralocorticoids
      • Primary aldosteronism
      • Hyperreninism
      • Adrenal enzyme deficiency: 11- and 17-hydroxylase
      • Liddle's syndrome
    • Exogenous mineralocorticoids
      • European licorice

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Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

Zeiger, Roni F.. "Metabolic Alkalosis." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114287/all/Metabolic_alkalosis.
Zeiger RF. Metabolic alkalosis. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114287/all/Metabolic_alkalosis. Accessed April 25, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2014). Metabolic alkalosis. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114287/all/Metabolic_alkalosis
Zeiger RF. Metabolic Alkalosis [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. [cited 2019 April 25]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114287/all/Metabolic_alkalosis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Metabolic alkalosis ID - 114287 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114287/all/Metabolic_alkalosis PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -