Metabolic alkalosis

Metabolic alkalosis is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Explore these free sample topics:

Emergency Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

Etiology

Saline-Responsive (UCl <10 meq/d)Excessive body bicarbonate content

  • Renal alkalosis
    • Diuretic therapy
    • Poorly reabsorbable anion therapy: carbenicillin, penicillin, sulfate, phosphate
    • Posthypercapnia
  • Gastrointestinal alkalosis
    • Loss of HCl from vomiting or nasogastric suction
    • Intestinal alkalosis: chloride diarrhea
  • Exogenous alkali
    • NaHCO3 (baking soda)
    • Sodium citrate, lactate, gluconate, acetate
    • Transfusions
    • Antacids
Normal body bicarbonate content
  • Contraction alkalosis
Saline-Unresponsive (UCl >10 meq/d)Excessive body bicarbonate content
  • Renal alkalosis, Normotensive
    • Bartter's syndrome (renal salt wasting and secondary hyperaldosteronism)
    • Severe potassium depletion
    • Refeeding alkalosis
    • Hypercalcemia and hypoparathyroidism
  • Renal alkalosis, Hypertensive
    • Endogenous mineralocorticoids
      • Primary aldosteronism
      • Hyperreninism
      • Adrenal enzyme deficiency: 11- and 17-hydroxylase
      • Liddle's syndrome
    • Exogenous mineralocorticoids
      • European licorice

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Metabolic alkalosis ID - 114287 Y1 - 2014/12/01/ PB - Diagnosaurus UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/Diagnosaurus/114287/all/Metabolic_alkalosis ER -