Lactic acidosis

Etiology

  • Tissue hypoxia, eg, cardiogenic, septic, or hemorrhagic shock; seizure; carbon monoxide or cyanide poisoning
  • Hepatic or renal failure
  • Intestinal ischemia
  • Diabetes, especially with metformin use
  • Ketoacidosis
  • Infection
  • Leukemia or lymphoma
  • Drugs: ethanol, methanol, salicylates, isoniazid
  • AIDS
  • Idiopathic

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Last updated: December 1, 2014