Varicose veins


  • Primary (may have vein wall or valve defect)
  • Valve damage due to thrombophlebitis, trauma, deep vein thrombosis, arteriovenous fistula, proximal venous obstruction (pregnancy, pelvic tumor)
  • Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (varicose veins, limb hypertrophy, cutaneous birthmark)

There's more to see -- the rest of this topic is available only to subscribers.

Last updated: December 1, 2014