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Hazmat

Hazmat is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

  • Hazmat refers to exposure to hazardous materials causing local or systemic toxicity.
  • Pathophysiology:
    • Acids cause coagulation necrosis with eschar, usually limiting penetration to deeper tissue.
    • Alkalis cause liquefaction necrosis and soluble complexes that penetrate into deep tissues.
    • Damage also occurs through oxidation, protein denaturation, cellular dehydration, local ischemia, and by metabolic competition/inhibition.

Etiology

  • Hazardous materials are encountered in household, industry, agriculture, transportation accidents, and in criminal/terrorist activities.
  • The toxicity of the materials relates to the particular substances and their effects.

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Citation

Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Hazmat." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307615/all/Hazmat.
Hazmat. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307615/all/Hazmat. Accessed April 26, 2019.
Hazmat. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307615/all/Hazmat
Hazmat [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 April 26]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307615/all/Hazmat.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Hazmat ID - 307615 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307615/all/Hazmat PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -