Glaucoma is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Explore these free sample topics:

Emergency Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

Basics

Description

Disease characterized by elevation of intraocular pressure, optic neuropathy, and progressive loss of vision.

Etiology

  • Primary glaucoma:
    • Open-angle glaucoma:
      • Normal anterior chamber angle
      • Insidious onset with persistent rise in intraocular pressure
      • Most common type accounting for 90% of glaucomas in US
      • Leading cause of blindness in African Americans
      • Risk factors include African American, age >40 yr, family history, myopia, diabetes, and HTN
    • Acute angle-closure glaucoma:
      • Narrowing or closing of anterior chamber angle precluding natural flow of aqueous humor from posterior to anterior chamber of eye and through its filtering portion of trabecular meshwork
      • Usually abrupt onset with sudden increase in intraocular pressure
      • Risk factors include Asians and Eskimos, hyperopia, family history, increased age, and female gender
  • Secondary glaucoma occurs from other diseases, including diseases of eye, trauma, and drugs:
    • Can be either open or closed angle
    • Drugs: Steroids, sertraline, bronchodilators, topiramate
    • Diseases: Neurofibromatosis, uveitis, neovascularization, and intraocular tumors
    • Trauma
    • Rapid correction of hyperglycemia

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Citation

* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Glaucoma ID - 307588 Y1 - 2016 PB - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307588/all/Glaucoma ER -