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Depression

Depression is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

Major depression:
  • Depressed mood and associated signs and symptoms lasting more than 2 wk
  • Significant morbidity and mortality, including risk of suicide
  • Often coexists with other medical illness

Etiology

  • Biologic illness associated with derangements in several neurotransmitter systems including serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine
  • Contributing factors:
    • Genetic predisposition
    • Medical illness
    • Medication effects
    • Psychosocial stress: Depression may follow adverse life event, trauma, loss of important relationship, or life role
  • Higher prevalence in women. (Woman make more suicide attempts; men are more likely to complete suicide successfully)

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Citation

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TY - ELEC T1 - Depression ID - 307539 ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307539/all/Depression PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -