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Pediatric Trauma

Pediatric Trauma is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

  • Pathophysiology and anatomy of adolescents and young adults are similar.
  • 80% of pediatric trauma is blunt; 80% of multisystem trauma includes head injury.
  • Trauma is the leading cause of death and disability in children >1 yr in US and Europe.
  • Most victims of child abuse are <3 yr. 1/3 of these patients are <6 mo.

Etiology

  • Most cases of pediatric trauma are single-system, minor, blunt injuries.
  • Common mechanisms of injury include motor vehicle collisions and bicycle accidents, struck by a vehicle as a pedestrian, and fall from height.
  • Penetrating injuries are rare in younger children.
  • Risk factors include inadequate supervision, developmental inadequacy of child to perform task, inadequate attention to task, risk taking, drugs, and alcohol.

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Citation

Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Pediatric Trauma." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307532/all/Pediatric_Trauma.
Pediatric Trauma. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307532/all/Pediatric_Trauma. Accessed April 23, 2019.
Pediatric Trauma. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307532/all/Pediatric_Trauma
Pediatric Trauma [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 April 23]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307532/all/Pediatric_Trauma.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Pediatric Trauma ID - 307532 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307532/all/Pediatric_Trauma PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -