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Sexual Assault

Sexual Assault is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

Specific legal definition varies from state to state:
  • Nonconsensual completed or attempted penetration between the penis and vulva or penis and anus
  • Nonconsensual contact between the mouth and the penis, vulva, or anus
  • Nonconsensual penetration of the anal or genital opening with a finger, hand, or object
  • Nonconsensual intentional touching, directly or through clothing, of the genitalia, vagina, anus, groin, inner thigh, or buttocks

Etiology

  • Lifetime prevalence of sexual assault in US is 18% in women, 5% in men
  • 72% of female rape victims are raped by someone they know; however, men are primarily raped and physically assaulted by strangers and acquaintances, not intimate partners.
  • Women who are disabled, pregnant, or attempting to leave their abusers are at increased risk of intimate partner rape.
  • Prevalence of sexual assault in men is higher in those who are gay, bisexual, veterans, prison inmates or seeking mental health services
  • Nearly 25% of women and 7% of men have been raped or sexually assaulted by a current or former partner.

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Citation

Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Sexual Assault." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307528/all/Sexual_Assault.
Sexual Assault. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307528/all/Sexual_Assault. Accessed April 26, 2019.
Sexual Assault. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307528/all/Sexual_Assault
Sexual Assault [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 April 26]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307528/all/Sexual_Assault.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Sexual Assault ID - 307528 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307528/all/Sexual_Assault PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -