Asystole is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Explore these free sample topics:

Emergency Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

Basics

Description

Absence of ventricular electrical activity

Etiology

  • An end-stage rhythm, sometimes degrading from:
    • Prolonged bradycardia
    • Prolonged ventricular fibrillation (VF)
    • Prolonged pulseless electrical activity
  • Patient is extremely unlikely to survive when asystole occurs outside the hospital:
    • ∼40% will have return of spontaneous circulation and survive to hospital admission, but <15% survive to hospital discharge.
  • Prognosis is similarly poor for those patients who develop asystole after countershock for ventricular tachycardia/VF; <10% survive to hospital discharge.
  • Potentially reversible causes include:
    • Hypoxia
    • Hypovolemia (blood loss)
    • Acidosis
    • Hyperkalemia
    • Hypokalemia
    • Drug overdose
    • Hypothermia
    • Pulmonary embolism
    • Myocardial infarction
    • Tension pneumothorax
    • Cardiac tamponade

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Citation

* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Asystole ID - 307503 Y1 - 2016 PB - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307503/all/Asystole ER -