Vitreous Hemorrhage

Vitreous Hemorrhage is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Explore these free sample topics:

Emergency Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --



Vitreous hemorrhage is a secondary diagnosis; identification of a specific cause is necessary for successful treatment:
  • Retinal vessel tear due to vitreous separation
  • Sudden tearing of vessels due to trauma
  • Spontaneous bleeding due to neovascularization (e.g., diabetics)


  • Blunt or penetrating trauma
  • Retinal break/tear/detachment
  • Any proliferative retinopathy
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Retinal vein occlusion
  • Eales disease
  • Senile macular degeneration
  • Retinal angiomatosis
  • Retinal telangiectasia
  • Peripheral uveitis
  • Subarachnoid or subdural hemorrhage:
    • Terson Syndrome
  • Intraocular tumor

Pediatric Considerations
  • Prematurity
  • Congenital retinoschisis
  • Pars planitis
  • Child abuse:
    • Shaken-baby syndrome

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --