Sting, Bee



  • Injection of hymenoptera venom causes:
    • Release of biologic amines
    • Local or systemic allergic reactions
  • Reactions are:
    • Usually IgE-mediated type I hypersensitivity reactions
    • Rarely type III (Arthus) hypersensitivity reactions


  • Hymenoptera – order of the phylum Arthropoda
  • Includes bees (Apidae family), wasps, hornets, and yellow jackets (Vespidae family), fire ants (Formicidae family)

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