Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter


Diverticulosis is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Explore these free sample topics:

Emergency Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --



  • Single (diverticulum) or multiple (diverticula) colonic wall outpouchings from colonic muscle dysfunction, usually acquired
  • Sequence:
    • Insufficient amounts of dietary fiber cause diminished stool bulk
    • Increased colonic contractions to propel stool through colon cause increase in intraluminal pressure
    • Increased pressure forces mucosa and submucosa to herniate through muscularis propria at its weakest point, where vasa recta penetrate


  • Occurs anywhere in GI tract, although generally a colonic disease:
    • Left sided 95% (Western countries)
    • Right sided 70% (Asian countries)
    • Sigmoid colon most common site
  • Pseudodiverticula:
    • Outpouchings of mucosa and submucosa only
    • Most common form of colonic diverticula
    • True congenital diverticula (uncommon) contain all bowel wall layers.
  • Common in Western society, owing to refined diet and low intake of fiber
  • Prevalence is age-dependent
    • 30% by 50 yr old, 65% by 85 yr old
  • Complications
    • 70% are asymptomatic
    • 15–25% develop diverticulitis
    • 5–15% develop bleeding; obesity is a risk factor
      • Bleeding stops spontaneously in 75% of cases
    • Inflammation (diverticulitis)
    • Massive arterial bleeding usually from right colon:
      • Fecalith (dry, hard stool) erodes through arterial branch.
    • Perforation
    • Abscess
    • Obstruction

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --


* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Diverticulosis ID - 307445 ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307445/all/Diverticulosis PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -