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Rheumatic Fever

Rheumatic Fever is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

  • Constellation of symptoms and signs (Jones criteria)
  • Follows group A streptococcal infection (GAS) also known as Streptococcus pyogenes; usually pharyngitis
  • Uncommon in US; most cases are in developing nations
  • Remains a major cause of cardiac morbidity and mortality worldwide with over 230,000 deaths per year
  • Most common in 5- to 15-yr-olds

Etiology

  • GAS infection
  • Inflammatory, autoimmune response following GAS infection

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Citation

Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Rheumatic Fever." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307444/all/Rheumatic_Fever.
Rheumatic Fever. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307444/all/Rheumatic_Fever. Accessed April 24, 2019.
Rheumatic Fever. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307444/all/Rheumatic_Fever
Rheumatic Fever [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 April 24]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307444/all/Rheumatic_Fever.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Rheumatic Fever ID - 307444 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307444/all/Rheumatic_Fever PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -