Congenital Heart Disease, Acyanotic
DescriptionAbnormality in the cardiocirculatory system that is present at birth but does not cause mixing of deoxygenated and oxygenated blood:
- L→R shunting lesions:
- Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
- Atrial septal defect (ASD)
- Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
- Endocardial cushion defects (AV canal)
- Ventricular outflow obstructions:
- Coarctation of aorta (LV)
- Aortic stenosis (LV)
- Pulmonic stenosis (RV)
- Hypoplastic left-heart syndrome (HLHS)
- Ductal dependent: Symptoms as DA closes:
- Coarctation of aorta
- Critical aortic stenosis
- Critical pulmonic stenosis
EtiologyFor most forms, cause is unknown:
- Genetic: Down (AV canal), Turner (coarct)
- Environmental: Congenital rubella (PDA, AS)
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Schaider, Jeffrey J., et al., editors. "Congenital Heart Disease, Acyanotic." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307422/3.0/Congenital_Heart_Disease_Acyanotic.
Congenital Heart Disease, Acyanotic. In: Schaider JJJ, Barkin RMR, Hayden SRS, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307422/3.0/Congenital_Heart_Disease_Acyanotic. Accessed May 28, 2023.
Congenital Heart Disease, Acyanotic. (2016). In Schaider, J. J., Barkin, R. M., Hayden, S. R., Wolfe, R. E., Barkin, A. Z., Shayne, P., & Rosen, P. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult (5th ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307422/3.0/Congenital_Heart_Disease_Acyanotic
Congenital Heart Disease, Acyanotic [Internet]. In: Schaider JJJ, Barkin RMR, Hayden SRS, Wolfe RER, Barkin AZA, Shayne PP, Rosen PP, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2023 May 28]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307422/3.0/Congenital_Heart_Disease_Acyanotic.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Congenital Heart Disease, Acyanotic ID - 307422 ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307422/3.0/Congenital_Heart_Disease_Acyanotic PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -