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Croup

Croup is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Emergency Central

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Basics

Description

  • Viral infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Most commonly presents in children 6 mo–3 yr:
    • Laryngotracheitis/laryngotracheobronchitis
    • Inspiratory stridor owing to extrathoracic airway obstruction
    • Expiratory wheeze suggests lower airway involvement.
    • Inflammatory edema of subglottic region
    • Narrowest part of pediatric airway
  • May progress to respiratory failure

Etiology

  • Parainfluenza types 1, 2, and 3
  • Human coronavirus NL63
  • Influenza A and B
  • Adenoviruses
  • Respiratory syncytial virus
  • Measles
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  • Herpes simplex

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Citation

Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Croup." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307413/0.1/Croup.
Croup. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307413/0.1/Croup. Accessed June 19, 2019.
Croup. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307413/0.1/Croup
Croup [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 June 19]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307413/0.1/Croup.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Croup ID - 307413 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307413/0.1/Croup PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -