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Trichomonas

Trichomonas is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

  • Sexually transmitted disease (STD)
  • Associated with high prevalence of other STDs
  • Causes urogenital infections
  • Sequelae:
    • May cause premature rupture of membranes or preterm labor in pregnancy
    • May cause low-birth-weight newborns
    • May facilitate transmission of HIV
  • Prevalence:
    • 3–5 million cases per year in US
    • 35% of women treated in STD clinics
    • Overall prevalence 3.1%:
      • Prevalence in black women 13.3%
  • Incubation 4–28 days
  • May be asymptomatic

Etiology

Trichomonas vaginalis:
  • Flagellated protozoan:
    • Commonly found in urethra, bladder, and Skene gland

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Citation

Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Trichomonas." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307408/all/Trichomonas.
Trichomonas. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307408/all/Trichomonas. Accessed April 20, 2019.
Trichomonas. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307408/all/Trichomonas
Trichomonas [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 April 20]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307408/all/Trichomonas.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Trichomonas ID - 307408 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307408/all/Trichomonas PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -