Arthritis, Rheumatoid

Arthritis, Rheumatoid is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Explore these free sample topics:

Emergency Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

Basics

Description

  • Chronic systemic inflammatory disorder that attacks the joints:
    • Nonsuppurative, proliferative synovitis
    • Destruction of the articular cartilage
    • Ankylosis of the joint
  • Involvement of knee is common.
  • Baker cysts may be seen in chronic disease.
  • Involvement of spine is limited to cervical region:
    • May cause atlantoaxial subluxation
    • Rarely results in cord compression

Pediatric Considerations
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is a distinct entity (see “Arthritis, Juvenile Idiopathic”).
  • Genetics:
    • Genetic predisposition related to HLA-DR4
    • Female-to-male ratio is 3:1.
    • Typical age of onset is between 30 and 50.

Etiology

  • Etiology is unknown.
  • Possible triggers include infection and autoimmune response.
  • Prevalence is about 1% of both US and world population.

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Citation

* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Arthritis, Rheumatoid ID - 307380 Y1 - 2016 PB - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307380/all/Arthritis__Rheumatoid ER -