Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Explore these free sample topics:
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- Direct transfer of severe forces to the larynx
- Simple mucosal tears to fractured and comminuted cartilage:
- Epiglottis, thyroid, arytenoid, cricoid, corniculate, and cuneiform cartilages
- Rare: 1/5,000–1/42,000 ED visits
- <1% of all blunt trauma
- Directly related mortality is 2–15%
- Blunt or penetrating trauma to the anterior neck associated with motor vehicle or motorcycle crash, assault, or recreational activities.
- Typical mechanism is hyperextension of neck with a direct blow to the exposed anterior neck.
- “Clothesline” injury is a classic mechanism (victim struck in neck by cord, wire, or branch hung across path of travel).
- Iatrogenic injuries from intubation are becoming more common with an aging population.
- Extended neck hits the bar, compressing structures between the bar and vertebral column.