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Synovitis, Toxic

Synovitis, Toxic is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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  • Nonspecific inflammation and hypertrophy of the synovium with an effusion of the hip joint inchildren
  • It can affect any joint but most commonly affects the hip.
  • Disease process is self-limiting.
  • Most common cause of acute hip pain and a limp in children aged 3–10.
  • Also referred to as acute transient synovitis and irritable hip syndrome.
  • Age group most affected is 3–6 yr.
  • Male > female (2:1)
  • Right hip > left


  • Cause of toxic synovitis is unknown.
  • Infectious etiology is suspected, because an upper respiratory infection precedes the symptoms of transient synovitis in ∼50% of cases.

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TY - ELEC T1 - Synovitis, Toxic ID - 307318 ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307318/all/Synovitis__Toxic PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -