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Mumps is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Vaccine preventable infectious diseases characterized by swelling of salivary glands, in particular the parotid glands.


  • Rubulavirus, single stranded RNA virus, in the Paramyxovirus family
  • Humans only known reservoir

Pediatric Considerations
  • Mumps vaccine with measles and rubella ± varicella (MMR or MMRV) should be administered to children on or after 12 mo of age. 2nd dose is usually administered at the age of 4–6 yr, before start of school.
  • Catch-up vaccination should include 2 doses separated by at least 4 wk between vaccinations.
  • Systemic symptoms and serious complications are less common in children when compared to adults with the infection.

Pregnancy Considerations
Infection during 1st trimester of pregnancy is associated with increased spontaneous abortion. Although mumps virus may cross the placenta, there is no evidence that mumps virus causes congenital malformation.

Geriatric Considerations
Adults born before 1957 are considered to have been exposed to mumps and are considered immune. However, during outbreaks, healthcare workers born before 1957 and without lab evidence of immunity to mumps should receive 2 doses of the MMR vaccine.

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Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Mumps." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307275/all/Mumps.
Mumps. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307275/all/Mumps. Accessed April 25, 2019.
Mumps. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307275/all/Mumps
Mumps [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 April 25]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307275/all/Mumps.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Mumps ID - 307275 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307275/all/Mumps PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -