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Sting, Scorpion

Sting, Scorpion is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

  • Scorpion venom is neurotoxic:
    • Sodium channels opening
    • Prolonged firing of neurons
  • Autonomic, somatic, and cranial nerve excitation occurs.
  • Symptoms begin within minutes of bite.
  • Symptoms persist 1–72 hr.

Etiology

  • Centruroides species found in Southern US, Mexico, Central America, and Caribbean
  • Many other species in Asia, Africa, Israel, South America, and Middle East

Pediatric Considerations
  • Can be misdiagnosed as seizures, amphetamine poisoning, or meningitis
  • Higher mortality and severity of illness

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Citation

Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Sting, Scorpion." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307240/all/Sting__Scorpion.
Sting, Scorpion. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307240/all/Sting__Scorpion. Accessed April 24, 2019.
Sting, Scorpion. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307240/all/Sting__Scorpion
Sting, Scorpion [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 April 24]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307240/all/Sting__Scorpion.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Sting, Scorpion ID - 307240 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307240/all/Sting__Scorpion PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -