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Sting, Scorpion

Sting, Scorpion is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

  • Scorpion venom is neurotoxic:
    • Sodium channels opening
    • Prolonged firing of neurons
  • Autonomic, somatic, and cranial nerve excitation occurs.
  • Symptoms begin within minutes of bite.
  • Symptoms persist 1–72 hr.

Etiology

  • Centruroides species found in Southern US, Mexico, Central America, and Caribbean
  • Many other species in Asia, Africa, Israel, South America, and Middle East

Pediatric Considerations
  • Can be misdiagnosed as seizures, amphetamine poisoning, or meningitis
  • Higher mortality and severity of illness

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Citation

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TY - ELEC T1 - Sting, Scorpion ID - 307240 ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307240/all/Sting__Scorpion PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -