Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Explore these free sample topics:
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Inflammation of the conjunctiva arising from a broad group of etiologies. Commonly referred to as “pink eye.”
- Staphylococcus aureus
- Streptococcus pneumoniae
- Haemophilus influenzae
- Ophthalmic emergency
- Transmission occurs via autoinoculation from genital secretions.
- Often occurs in newborns
- Adenovirus most common
- Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) is caused by adenovirus subtypes.
- Frequently associated with upper respiratory infections or exposure to someone with a red eye
- Most commonly referred to as “pink eye”
- Herpes simplex virus (HSV)
- Recurrent ocular infection occurs in 25% patients within 2 yr.
- Use of steroids is contraindicated:
- Frequent history of allergy, atopy, nasal symptoms
- Contact related
- May be due to chemical irritation, hypersensitivity from preservatives, medications, shampoo, chlorine, dust, smoke
- Pseudomonas commonly implicated organism:
- May be found in patients using saliva to clean contact lenses