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Iritis is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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  • Inflammation of anterior uveal tract
  • Iritis and anterior uveitis are synonymous.
  • Uveitis secondary to trauma is also called traumatic iritis.


  • Most cases are idiopathic, but may be traumatic or associated with numerous infectious and noninfectious systemic diseases.
  • May be acute or chronic.
  • Noninfectious systemic diseases include the following:
    • Ankylosing spondylitis
    • Reiter syndrome
    • Sarcoidosis
    • Behçet disease
    • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
    • Kawasaki syndrome
    • Interstitial nephritis
    • IgA nephropathy
    • Drug reactions
    • Sjögren syndrome
    • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Infectious conditions include the following:
    • Viral:
      • Rubella
      • Measles
      • Adenovirus
      • Herpes simplex virus
      • Herpes zoster virus
      • HIV
      • Mumps
      • Varicella
      • Cytomegalovirus
      • West Nile virus
    • Bacterial:
      • Tuberculosis
      • Syphilis
      • Pertussis
      • Brucellosis
      • Lyme disease
      • Chlamydia
      • Rickettsia
      • Gonorrhea
      • Leprosy
    • Fungal:
  • Malignancies include the following:
    • Leukemia
    • Lymphoma
    • Multiple sclerosis
    • Malignant melanoma
  • Other causes include the following:
    • Cocaine use
    • Exposure to pesticides
    • Corneal foreign body
    • Blunt trauma

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Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Iritis." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307232/all/Iritis.
Iritis. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307232/all/Iritis. Accessed June 27, 2019.
Iritis. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307232/all/Iritis
Iritis [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 June 27]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307232/all/Iritis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Iritis ID - 307232 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307232/all/Iritis PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -