Iritis is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

  • Inflammation of anterior uveal tract
  • Iritis and anterior uveitis are synonymous.
  • Uveitis secondary to trauma is also called traumatic iritis.

Etiology

  • Most cases are idiopathic, but may be traumatic or associated with numerous infectious and noninfectious systemic diseases.
  • May be acute or chronic.
  • Noninfectious systemic diseases include the following:
    • Ankylosing spondylitis
    • Reiter syndrome
    • Sarcoidosis
    • Behçet disease
    • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
    • Kawasaki syndrome
    • Interstitial nephritis
    • IgA nephropathy
    • Drug reactions
    • Sjögren syndrome
    • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Infectious conditions include the following:
    • Viral:
      • Rubella
      • Measles
      • Adenovirus
      • Herpes simplex virus
      • Herpes zoster virus
      • HIV
      • Mumps
      • Varicella
      • Cytomegalovirus
      • West Nile virus
    • Bacterial:
      • Tuberculosis
      • Syphilis
      • Pertussis
      • Brucellosis
      • Lyme disease
      • Chlamydia
      • Rickettsia
      • Gonorrhea
      • Leprosy
    • Fungal:
  • Malignancies include the following:
    • Leukemia
    • Lymphoma
    • Multiple sclerosis
    • Malignant melanoma
  • Other causes include the following:
    • Cocaine use
    • Exposure to pesticides
    • Corneal foreign body
    • Blunt trauma

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Citation

* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Iritis ID - 307232 Y1 - 2016 PB - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307232/all/Iritis ER -