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Chest Trauma, Blunt

Chest Trauma, Blunt is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

  • Significant source of morbidity and mortality in US
  • ∼12 thoracic trauma victims per million population per day
  • ∼33% of these injuries require hospital admission.
  • Directly responsible for 20–25% of all deaths attributed to trauma
  • Contributing cause of death in 25% of patients who die from other traumatic injuries

Etiology

  • Common mechanisms of injury include:
    • Motor vehicle collisions (70–80%)
    • Motorcycle collisions
    • Pedestrians struck by a motor vehicle
    • Falls from great heights
    • Assaults
    • Blast injuries
    • Sports-related injuries
  • Injuries can result from direct blunt force to the chest or from forces related to rapid deceleration.

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Citation

Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Chest Trauma, Blunt." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307223/all/Chest_Trauma__Blunt.
Chest Trauma, Blunt. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307223/all/Chest_Trauma__Blunt. Accessed April 26, 2019.
Chest Trauma, Blunt. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307223/all/Chest_Trauma__Blunt
Chest Trauma, Blunt [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 April 26]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307223/all/Chest_Trauma__Blunt.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Chest Trauma, Blunt ID - 307223 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307223/all/Chest_Trauma__Blunt PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -