Spider Bite, Brown Recluse

Spider Bite, Brown Recluse is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Explore these free sample topics:

Emergency Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

Basics

Description

Local or systemic illness caused by brown recluse spider bite envenomation

Etiology

  • Brown recluse spider (also known as the fiddleback spider) features:
    • Appearance:
      • Delicate body and legs spanning 10–25 mm
      • Tan- to dark-brown with darker violin-shaped marking visible on the upper aspect of the head
      • 3 pairs of eyes
    • Found widely throughout the south-central part of US
    • Habitat: Typically warm and dry locations, indoors or outdoors such as wood piles, bundles of rags, cellars, under rocks, or in attics
    • Bites are typically defensive
  • Mechanism of toxicity:
    • Venom is a complex cocktail of enzymes and peptides that:
      • Binds to RBC and causes hemolysis
      • Causes prostaglandin release and activates complement cascade
      • Causes lipolysis and tissue necrosis
      • Triggers platelet aggregation and thrombosis
      • Triggers allergic response to venom antigenic properties
      • May lead to shock and DIC in rare cases
    • Toxicity proportional to:
      • The amount of venom relative to the size of patient
      • Location of envenomation on the body

Pediatric Considerations
  • Children are more vulnerable to a given amount of venom than healthy adults
  • Fatality more common in children due to severe intravascular hemolysis

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Citation

* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Spider Bite, Brown Recluse ID - 307157 Y1 - 2016 PB - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307157/all/Spider_Bite__Brown_Recluse ER -