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Tinea Infections, Cutaneous

Tinea Infections, Cutaneous is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

  • Superficial fungal infections of the hair, skin, or nails:
    • Usually confined to the stratum corneum layer
    • Among the most common diseases worldwide
  • Requires keratin for growth, so does not involve mucosa
  • Named for location of infection

Etiology

  • Dermatophytes:
    • Microsporum
    • Trichophyton
    • Epidermophyton
    • Malassezia furfur, a yeast, is the etiologic agent of tinea versicolor (not a true tinea)
  • Trauma or maceration of the skin may allow fungal entry into skin
  • Transmission may be person to person, animal to person, or soil to person

Pediatric Considerations
  • Fungi can be spread from toys and brushes
  • Tinea unguium is rare in children and is associated with:
    • Down syndrome
    • Immunosuppression
    • Tinea pedis or capitis

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Citation

Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Tinea Infections, Cutaneous." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307142/all/Tinea_Infections__Cutaneous.
Tinea Infections, Cutaneous. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307142/all/Tinea_Infections__Cutaneous. Accessed April 24, 2019.
Tinea Infections, Cutaneous. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307142/all/Tinea_Infections__Cutaneous
Tinea Infections, Cutaneous [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 April 24]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307142/all/Tinea_Infections__Cutaneous.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Tinea Infections, Cutaneous ID - 307142 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307142/all/Tinea_Infections__Cutaneous PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -