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Ataxia

Ataxia is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Emergency Central

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Basics

Description

  • Inability to perform coordinated movements
  • Caused by a disorder of the cerebellum or its connections:
    • Ipsilateral signs with lateral cerebellar lesions
    • Truncal ataxia with midline lesions

Etiology

Usually cerebellar in origin, but may occur with sensory, motor, or vestibular dysfunction:
  • Trauma
  • Mass lesions
  • Vascular disorders
  • Infections or postinfectious processes
  • Toxins/drugs
  • Metabolic/endocrine derangements
  • Demyelinating diseases
  • Congenital malformations
  • Hereditary disorders:
    • Inborn errors of metabolism
    • Progressive degenerative ataxias
  • Nutritional deficiencies

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Citation

* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Ataxia ID - 307134 ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307134/all/Ataxia PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -