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Ataxia

Ataxia is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Emergency Central

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Basics

Description

  • Inability to perform coordinated movements
  • Caused by a disorder of the cerebellum or its connections:
    • Ipsilateral signs with lateral cerebellar lesions
    • Truncal ataxia with midline lesions

Etiology

Usually cerebellar in origin, but may occur with sensory, motor, or vestibular dysfunction:
  • Trauma
  • Mass lesions
  • Vascular disorders
  • Infections or postinfectious processes
  • Toxins/drugs
  • Metabolic/endocrine derangements
  • Demyelinating diseases
  • Congenital malformations
  • Hereditary disorders:
    • Inborn errors of metabolism
    • Progressive degenerative ataxias
  • Nutritional deficiencies

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Citation

Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Ataxia." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307134/all/Ataxia.
Ataxia. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307134/all/Ataxia. Accessed April 23, 2019.
Ataxia. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307134/all/Ataxia
Ataxia [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 April 23]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307134/all/Ataxia.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Ataxia ID - 307134 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307134/all/Ataxia PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -