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Syphilis

Syphilis is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

  • Sexually transmitted disease
  • 12 million new cases diagnosed annually worldwide
  • Acquired via mucous membranes/disrupted skin
  • Divided into 3 stages:
    • Primary syphilis:
      • Painless chancre or ulcer
    • Secondary syphilis:
      • Replication and hematogenous spread
      • Begins 3–6 wk after primary lesion
      • Late latent secondary phase
    • Tertiary or late syphilis:
      • Very uncommon
      • Cardiovascular and neurologic symptoms

Etiology

Treponema pallidum:
  • Spirochete bacteria

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Citation

Rosen, Peter, et al., editors. "Syphilis." 5-Minute Emergency Consult, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Emergency Central, emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307120/all/Syphilis.
Syphilis. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, et al, eds. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307120/all/Syphilis. Accessed April 25, 2019.
Syphilis. (2016). In Rosen, P., Shayne, P., Barkin, A. Z., Wolfe, R. E., Hayden, S. R., Barkin, R. M., & Schaider, J. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Available from https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307120/all/Syphilis
Syphilis [Internet]. In: Rosen P, Shayne P, Barkin AZ, Wolfe RE, Hayden SR, Barkin RM, Schaider JJ, editors. 5-Minute Emergency Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016. [cited 2019 April 25]. Available from: https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307120/all/Syphilis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Syphilis ID - 307120 ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307120/all/Syphilis PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -