Syphilis

Syphilis is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Explore these free sample topics:

Emergency Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

Basics

Description

  • Sexually transmitted disease
  • 12 million new cases diagnosed annually worldwide
  • Acquired via mucous membranes/disrupted skin
  • Divided into 3 stages:
    • Primary syphilis:
      • Painless chancre or ulcer
    • Secondary syphilis:
      • Replication and hematogenous spread
      • Begins 3–6 wk after primary lesion
      • Late latent secondary phase
    • Tertiary or late syphilis:
      • Very uncommon
      • Cardiovascular and neurologic symptoms

Etiology

Treponema pallidum:
  • Spirochete bacteria

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --