Syphilis is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Basics

Description

  • Sexually transmitted disease
  • 12 million new cases diagnosed annually worldwide
  • Acquired via mucous membranes/disrupted skin
  • Divided into 3 stages:
    • Primary syphilis:
      • Painless chancre or ulcer
    • Secondary syphilis:
      • Replication and hematogenous spread
      • Begins 3–6 wk after primary lesion
      • Late latent secondary phase
    • Tertiary or late syphilis:
      • Very uncommon
      • Cardiovascular and neurologic symptoms

Etiology

Treponema pallidum:
  • Spirochete bacteria

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Citation

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TY - ELEC T1 - Syphilis ID - 307120 Y1 - 2016 PB - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307120/all/Syphilis ER -