Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis’s Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical’s Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency medicine professionals. Explore these free sample topics:
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- Vaginitis is vulvovaginal inflammation with or without abnormal vaginal discharge.
- Common symptoms: Itching, burning, irritation, pain.
- Abnormal discharge is defined as an increased amount or change in color.
- Some amount of vaginal discharge is normal.
- Glands in the cervix produce clear mucus that may turn white or yellow when exposed to air.
- Bacterial vaginosis (BV):
- The most common cause
- Loss of normal Lactobacillus sp. (e.g., antibiotics)
- Inability to maintain normal vaginal pH
- Overgrowth of normally present bacteria such as Gardnerella vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis, Mobiluncus sp., Prevotella sp., and Peptostreptococcal
- Bacterial infections:
- Trichomonas vaginalis (Trichomoniasis)
- Group A strep
- Staphylococcus aureus
- Fungal infections:
- Candida sp. most common
- Often underlying immune dysfunction:
- Chemical irritants
- Foreign body
- Atrophic vaginitis:
- Caused by estrogen deficiency
- Collagen vascular disease
- Herpes simplex virus (HSV):
- Lichen sclerosis (atrophic)